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The total Indian States

the total indian states

the total indian states

The total Indian States: India has 28 states and 8 union territories. India also called Bharat, is a union of these states and union territories. India is the second-most populous country in the world with an estimated population of 1.3 billion people.

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Indian states and capitals

Here is the list of 28 states and union territories and their capitals.

Sno State Name Capital

  1. Andhra Pradesh Amaravathi
  2. Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar
  3. Assam Dispur
  4. Bihar Patna
  5. Chattisgarh Raipur
  6. Goa Panaji
  7. Gujarat Gandhi Nagar
  8. Haryana Chandigarh
  9. Himachal Pradesh Shimla
  10. Jharkhand Ranchi
  11. Karnataka Bengaluru
  12. Kerala Thiruvananthapuram
  13. Madhya Pradesh Bhopal
  14. Maharashtra Mumbai
  15. Manipur Imphal
  16. Meghalaya Shillong
  17. Mizoram Aizwal
  18. Nagaland Kohima
  19. Odisha Bhubaneshwar
  20. Punjab Chandigarh
  21. Rajasthan Jaipur
  22. Sikkim Gangtok
  23. Tamilnadu Chennai
  24. Telangana Hyderabad
  25. Tripura Agartala
  26. Uttarpradesh Lucknow
    27, Uttarakhand Dehradun
  27. West Bengal Kolkata

Indian States : Union Territories and Capitals

S.no Union Territory Capital

  1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands Port Blair
  2. Chandigarh Chandigarh
  3. Dadra & nagar Haveli & Daman & Diu Daman
  4. Delhi New Delhi
  5. Jammu and Kashmir Srinagar (Summer), Jammu (Winter)
  6. Lakshadweep Kavaratti
  7. Puducherry Pondicherry
  8. Ladakh Leh

Indian states and administrative system

India is a parliamentary form of democracy. We have a president who is the head of the state. We have a prime minister who is the head of the government.
Similarly all the states have governors as head of state and chief minister as head of the government.

Here is the list of chief ministers of various Indian states and Union Territories: 2020 list

Sno State Name Chief Minister

  1. Andhra Pradesh Y S Jagan Mohan Reddy
  2. Arunachal Pradesh Pema Khandu
  3. Assam Sarbananda Sonowal
  4. Bihar Nitish Kumar
  5. Chattisgarh Bhupesh Baghel
  6. Goa Pramod Sawant
  7. Gujarat Vijaybhai Rupani
  8. Haryana Manohar Lal
  9. Himachal Pradesh Jairam Thakur
  10. Jharkhand Hemanth Soren
  11. Karnataka B S Yeduyurappa
  12. Kerala Pinarayi Vijayan
  13. Madhya Pradesh Shiva Raj Singh Chouhan
  14. Maharashtra Uddhav Thackeray
  15. Manipur Biren Singh
  16. Meghalaya Conrad Kongkal Sangma
  17. Mizoram Pu Zoramthanga
  18. Nagaland Neiphiu Rio
  19. Odisha Naveen Patnaik
  20. Punjab Capt Amarinder Singh
  21. Rajasthan Ashok Gehlot
  22. Sikkim P S Golay
  23. Tamilnadu K Palaniswami
  24. Telangana K Chandrasekhar Rao
  25. Tripura Biplab Kumar Deb
  26. Uttarpradesh Yogi Adithyanath
    27, Uttarakhand Trivendra Singh Rawat
  27. West Bengal Mamata Banerjee

Indian States and languages

India is a diverse country with varied culture and linguality. According to 2001 census there are 122 major languages and 1599 other languages. English continues to be an important language in both education and as part of government communication.
Hindi is the most spoken language and the second most spoken language is Bengali. Marathi is the third most spoken language.

The scheduled languages in India are the languages which are mentioned in the eighth schedule of the constitution. These include Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Mithili, Malayalam, Meiti, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu.
A total of 22 languages are scheduled languages. Of these 14 were initially recognised at the time constitution was written. Subsequently Konkani, Manipuri, Nepali, Bodo, Dogri, Maithili, Santali were added by amendment to the constitution.

List of Indian States and languages

Sno State Name Major Language Other Languages Spoken

  1. Andhra Pradesh Telugu Urdu, Hindi and Tamil
  2. Arunachal Pradesh Bengali Nepali, Hindi and Assamese
  3. Assam Assamese Bengali, Hindi, Bodo and Nepali
  4. Bihar Hindi Maithili and Urdu
  5. Chattisgarh Hindi Bengali and Oriya
  6. Goa Konkani Marathi, Hindi and Kannada
  7. Gujarat Gujarati Hindi, Sindhi, Marathi and Urdu
  8. Haryana Hindi Punjabi and Urdu
  9. Himachal Pradesh Hindi Punjabi and Nepali
  10. Jharkhand Hindi Santali, Bengali and Urdu
  11. Karnataka Kannada Urdu, Telugu, Marathi and Tamil
  12. Kerala Malayalam Malayalam
  13. Madhya Pradesh Hindi Marathi and Urdu
  14. Maharashtra Marathi Hindi, Urdu and Gujarati
  15. Manipur Manipuri Nepali, Hindi and Bengali
  16. Meghalaya Bengali Hindi and Nepali
  17. Mizoram Bengali Hindi and Nepali
  18. Nagaland Bengali Hindi and Nepali
  19. Odisha Oriya Hindi, Telugu and Santali
  20. Punjab Punjabi Hindi
  21. Rajasthan Hindi Punjabi and Urdu
  22. Sikkim Nepali Hindi, Bengali
  23. Tamilnadu Tamil Telugu, Kannada and Urdu
  24. Telangana Telugu Urdu, Hindi and Tamil
  25. Tripura Bengali Hindi
  26. Uttarpradesh Hindi Urdu
    27, Uttarakhand Hindi Urdu, Punjabi and Nepali
  27. West Bengal Bengali Hindi, Santali, Urdu, Nepali
  28. Andaman & Nicobar Bengali Hindi, Tamil, Telugu and Malayalam
  29. Dadra &Nagar Haveli Gujarati Hindi, Konkani and Marathi
  30. Daman and Diu Gujarati Hindi and Marathi
  31. Delhi Hindi Punjabi, Urdu and Bengali
  32. Jammu & Kashmir Kashmiri Dogri and Hindi
  33. Lakshadweep Malayalam Malayalam
  34. Puducherry Tamil Telugu, Kannada and Urdu

India and its boundaries

India is located in the southern hemisphere and it is seventh largest country in the world. A total of 7 countries share border with India. India is bordered by countries like Myanmar, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan, China and Afghanistan.
Sri lanka is separated by a maritime border. India has Bay of Bengal on its North-east and east. Arabian sea is on the west.

A total of 17 Indian states share international borders. The following are the details of states forming borders with neighbouring countries.

Indian States Bordering China:
Indian states sharing border with China include Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh.

Indian States Bordering Bangladesh:
Indian states sharing border with Bangladesh include West Bengal, Mizoram, Assam, Tripura and Meghalaya.

Indian States Bordering Myanmar:
Northeastern states that share border with Myanmar include Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, and Manipur.

Indian States Bordering Bhutan:
The Indian states of West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Assam share their borders with Bhutan.

Indian States Bordering Nepal:
Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Sikkim are the 5 Indian states that are sharing border with Nepal.

Indian States Bordering Pakistan:
4 states share their borders with Pakistan. These include Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab, Jammu and Kashmir.

Indian States Bordering Afghanistan:
Afghanistan bordering India is only an official claim. And not on actual grounds.

Conclusion: India being a vast country is divided into states for administrative convenience. India is a union of these 28 states and 8 union territories.


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