The total Indian States: India has 28 states and 8 union territories. India also called Bharat, is a union of these states and union territories. India is the second-most populous country in the world with an estimated population of 1.3 billion people.
Indian states and capitals
Here is the list of 28 states and union territories and their capitals.
Sno State Name Capital
- Andhra Pradesh Amaravathi
- Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar
- Assam Dispur
- Bihar Patna
- Chattisgarh Raipur
- Goa Panaji
- Gujarat Gandhi Nagar
- Haryana Chandigarh
- Himachal Pradesh Shimla
- Jharkhand Ranchi
- Karnataka Bengaluru
- Kerala Thiruvananthapuram
- Madhya Pradesh Bhopal
- Maharashtra Mumbai
- Manipur Imphal
- Meghalaya Shillong
- Mizoram Aizwal
- Nagaland Kohima
- Odisha Bhubaneshwar
- Punjab Chandigarh
- Rajasthan Jaipur
- Sikkim Gangtok
- Tamilnadu Chennai
- Telangana Hyderabad
- Tripura Agartala
- Uttarpradesh Lucknow
27, Uttarakhand Dehradun
- West Bengal Kolkata
Indian States : Union Territories and Capitals
S.no Union Territory Capital
- Andaman and Nicobar Islands Port Blair
- Chandigarh Chandigarh
- Dadra & nagar Haveli & Daman & Diu Daman
- Delhi New Delhi
- Jammu and Kashmir Srinagar (Summer), Jammu (Winter)
- Lakshadweep Kavaratti
- Puducherry Pondicherry
- Ladakh Leh
Indian states and administrative system
India is a parliamentary form of democracy. We have a president who is the head of the state. We have a prime minister who is the head of the government.
Similarly all the states have governors as head of state and chief minister as head of the government.
Here is the list of chief ministers of various Indian states and Union Territories: 2020 list
Sno State Name Chief Minister
- Andhra Pradesh Y S Jagan Mohan Reddy
- Arunachal Pradesh Pema Khandu
- Assam Sarbananda Sonowal
- Bihar Nitish Kumar
- Chattisgarh Bhupesh Baghel
- Goa Pramod Sawant
- Gujarat Vijaybhai Rupani
- Haryana Manohar Lal
- Himachal Pradesh Jairam Thakur
- Jharkhand Hemanth Soren
- Karnataka B S Yeduyurappa
- Kerala Pinarayi Vijayan
- Madhya Pradesh Shiva Raj Singh Chouhan
- Maharashtra Uddhav Thackeray
- Manipur Biren Singh
- Meghalaya Conrad Kongkal Sangma
- Mizoram Pu Zoramthanga
- Nagaland Neiphiu Rio
- Odisha Naveen Patnaik
- Punjab Capt Amarinder Singh
- Rajasthan Ashok Gehlot
- Sikkim P S Golay
- Tamilnadu K Palaniswami
- Telangana K Chandrasekhar Rao
- Tripura Biplab Kumar Deb
- Uttarpradesh Yogi Adithyanath
27, Uttarakhand Trivendra Singh Rawat
- West Bengal Mamata Banerjee
Indian States and languages
India is a diverse country with varied culture and linguality. According to 2001 census there are 122 major languages and 1599 other languages. English continues to be an important language in both education and as part of government communication.
Hindi is the most spoken language and the second most spoken language is Bengali. Marathi is the third most spoken language.
The scheduled languages in India are the languages which are mentioned in the eighth schedule of the constitution. These include Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Mithili, Malayalam, Meiti, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu.
A total of 22 languages are scheduled languages. Of these 14 were initially recognised at the time constitution was written. Subsequently Konkani, Manipuri, Nepali, Bodo, Dogri, Maithili, Santali were added by amendment to the constitution.
List of Indian States and languages
Sno State Name Major Language Other Languages Spoken
- Andhra Pradesh Telugu Urdu, Hindi and Tamil
- Arunachal Pradesh Bengali Nepali, Hindi and Assamese
- Assam Assamese Bengali, Hindi, Bodo and Nepali
- Bihar Hindi Maithili and Urdu
- Chattisgarh Hindi Bengali and Oriya
- Goa Konkani Marathi, Hindi and Kannada
- Gujarat Gujarati Hindi, Sindhi, Marathi and Urdu
- Haryana Hindi Punjabi and Urdu
- Himachal Pradesh Hindi Punjabi and Nepali
- Jharkhand Hindi Santali, Bengali and Urdu
- Karnataka Kannada Urdu, Telugu, Marathi and Tamil
- Kerala Malayalam Malayalam
- Madhya Pradesh Hindi Marathi and Urdu
- Maharashtra Marathi Hindi, Urdu and Gujarati
- Manipur Manipuri Nepali, Hindi and Bengali
- Meghalaya Bengali Hindi and Nepali
- Mizoram Bengali Hindi and Nepali
- Nagaland Bengali Hindi and Nepali
- Odisha Oriya Hindi, Telugu and Santali
- Punjab Punjabi Hindi
- Rajasthan Hindi Punjabi and Urdu
- Sikkim Nepali Hindi, Bengali
- Tamilnadu Tamil Telugu, Kannada and Urdu
- Telangana Telugu Urdu, Hindi and Tamil
- Tripura Bengali Hindi
- Uttarpradesh Hindi Urdu
27, Uttarakhand Hindi Urdu, Punjabi and Nepali
- West Bengal Bengali Hindi, Santali, Urdu, Nepali
- Andaman & Nicobar Bengali Hindi, Tamil, Telugu and Malayalam
- Dadra &Nagar Haveli Gujarati Hindi, Konkani and Marathi
- Daman and Diu Gujarati Hindi and Marathi
- Delhi Hindi Punjabi, Urdu and Bengali
- Jammu & Kashmir Kashmiri Dogri and Hindi
- Lakshadweep Malayalam Malayalam
- Puducherry Tamil Telugu, Kannada and Urdu
India and its boundaries
India is located in the southern hemisphere and it is seventh largest country in the world. A total of 7 countries share border with India. India is bordered by countries like Myanmar, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan, China and Afghanistan.
Sri lanka is separated by a maritime border. India has Bay of Bengal on its North-east and east. Arabian sea is on the west.
A total of 17 Indian states share international borders. The following are the details of states forming borders with neighbouring countries.
Indian States Bordering China:
Indian states sharing border with China include Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh.
Indian States Bordering Bangladesh:
Indian states sharing border with Bangladesh include West Bengal, Mizoram, Assam, Tripura and Meghalaya.
Indian States Bordering Myanmar:
Northeastern states that share border with Myanmar include Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, and Manipur.
Indian States Bordering Bhutan:
The Indian states of West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Assam share their borders with Bhutan.
Indian States Bordering Nepal:
Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Sikkim are the 5 Indian states that are sharing border with Nepal.
Indian States Bordering Pakistan:
4 states share their borders with Pakistan. These include Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab, Jammu and Kashmir.
Indian States Bordering Afghanistan:
Afghanistan bordering India is only an official claim. And not on actual grounds.
Conclusion: India being a vast country is divided into states for administrative convenience. India is a union of these 28 states and 8 union territories.